Napoleonic Soldiers in Alresford

French Napoleonic soldiers were captured and then imprisoned in many parts of Hampshire but their is something rather poignant about the graves of these soldiers in Alresford

The C15th church of St John the Baptist stands sentinel over the graves of five Napoleonic soldiers, who had been captured and brought to Alresford as prisoners of war. One of them was a woman, Marie Louise Fournier, wife of Captain Francois Bertet of the Imperial Corps.

The French army did not discourage women from accompanying their lovers and husbands into war. Some found their way onto the battlefield itself and were found uniform wearing jackets and trousers. There are no figures for the number of women that followed their man into battle and beyond but here in Alresford lies the body of Marie, wife of a French Captain.

Graves of Napoleonic soldiers Alresford
The five graves opposite the West door of St John the Baptist church Alresford

The five graves cover a time period from July 1810 to April 1812. Alresford was one of eleven parole towns in Hampshire and as such received many French visitors. There was not a single prison where these French prisoners were held. They were billeted around the town at what was considered suitable housing. They were allowed certain freedoms but their movements were restricted. They could not venture more than a mile from the centre of town, nor could they go out after dark. Local residents were rewarded for informing upon the prisoners should they break their restrictive conditions. It was in the interests of the prisoners not to break their parole as the alternative was to be incarcerated on the prison hulks that lay in Portsmouth Harbour.

The graves remember these Napoleonic soldiers and one wife;

  • Marie Louise V Fournier died 11th April 1812 aged 44 years. Wife of Francois Bertet, a Captain in the Imperial Corps
  • Joseph Hypolite Riouffe died 12th December 1810 aged 28 years. Serving as Marine in the Imperial and Royale
  • Pierre Garnier died 31st July 1810. Serving as a Lieutenant in the French Infantry 66th Regiment
  • C Lavau died 23rd December 1811 aged 29 years. An officer of commerce
  • Jean de Thiulle died 6th April 1812 aged 51 years. A Lieutenant in the Artillary

French prisoners had been brought to Alresford from the start of the  C18th. It is quite likely that they were brought up from the transit prison at Porchester Castle. The parish registers record the burials of other prisoners, not all of them Napoleonic soldiers;

1794 St Aubin a french prisoner on parole

1796  July 11th  Baptiste Guillaume Jousemme aged 21 years born in Castillones a prisoner on parole

1803  June 27th Thomas Monclerc 42 years a French servant

1809  December 12th Jean Charbonier a French prisoner

At first the French prisoners were unpopular with the local people. This attitude changed when a fire broke out in the town and the French worked hard alongside the locals to extinguish it.

Napoleonic soldiers lucky enough to be of officer rank, received 1s 6d a day from the French directorship. This was supposed to be enough to feed and clothe them and provide lodging.

In some cases they became part of the community earning extra money where they could. In some instances they gave French lessons, in others they made goods which they were allowed to sell at the market.

The clock on the church tower is dated 1811 and is said to have been given by French prisoners on parole in the town, to thank the local population for the kindness they received during their imprisonment.

When, in 1871, the Commune de Paris drove out many respectable families from France, it is interesting to note that many came to Alresford. Perhaps they were descended from former prisoners and felt they would receive a warm welcome in the small market town of Alresford.

To find out whether you have an ancestor who fought at the Battle of Trafalgar visit The National Archives

 

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