Plantagenet Period

PlantagenetĀ PeriodĀ in Hampshire’s History

Approximately one hundred years after the Norman invasion the Plantagenet Period began. The intrigue around the Plantagenet dynasty is fascinating. What was going on in Hampshire during this tumultuous period from 1154-1399?

Winchester and Andover suffered dreadfully during the civil war of Stephen’s reign and much re-building went on to encourage urban revival in the late 1100’s. Southampton was establishing itself as an important trading centre. Charters were given to towns and gilds established. Southampton and Andover flourished as commercial centres and the great fairs of Weyhill and St Giles at Winchester were critically important to how Hampshire developed during this Plantagenet period. Indeed many towns were granted charters to hold markets and annual fairs.

The son of King John, King Henry III was born in Winchester in 1206

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Churches were improved and added to and other important buildings were constructed in stone such as the Court House at East Meon, with it’s corbelled head of Bishop Wykeham and a Plantagenet king, high amongst the hall’s rafters.

Plantagenet Period
Court House East Meon

 

Winchester continued to be an important ecclesiastical and royal centre

The Hundred Years War took it’s toll on Hampshire. It was a time of great civil unrest. The coastline of Hampshire was subjected to attacks from the French and trade suffered, especially the wool trade. Men had to leave the land to serve as soldiers. Famine hit Hampshire in 1315 and then came the Black Death.

The Black death swung through Hampshire cleaving a path of death and harrowing suffering

Some villages were wiped out, there was no one to work the land or produce food and no tenants to pay rents.

All was not lost though and Bishop Wykeham set about re-building the nave of Winchester Cathedral and founding Winchester College.

There is so much to examine in Hampshire History during the Plantagenet Period, please take time to wander through the posts as we try and find some intriguing history to put before you.

Plantagenet Period
Winchester College founded 1384
East Wellow Church

East Wellow Church

This entry is part 2 of 2 in the series Hampshire church wall paintings

The 13th century, East Wellow church, St Margaret’s of Antioch, is the final resting place of the great lady Florence Nightingale. Not only that it also is home to some wonderful 13th century wall paintings.

St Michael and All Angels Knights Enham

St Michael and All Angels Knights Enham

This entry is part 5 of 5 in the series Andover Area Churches

The church of St Michael and All Angels Knights Enham, is a 12th century gem in Hampshire, 800 years worth of history to mull over. Situated in a lane alongside a farm, it’s easy to imagine souls of hundreds of years entering it’s doors.

Medieval Graffiti at Wield

Medieval Graffiti at Wield

Searching for Medieval graffiti in the church of St James in Wield Hampshire, a lovely little fellow emerged from the soft chalk stone of the chancel arch. Could this inscription have been done over 600 years ago?

St Mary’s Church Upton Grey

St Mary’s Church Upton Grey

Perched above the road on a hill slope is St Mary’s church Upton Grey At the bottom of the hill is the village pond and clustered around it are lovely cottages and houses, spanning all periods, twenty seven of them listed. Upton Grey is a beautiful village in north east Hampshire, with a history that…

Michelmersh Font

Michelmersh Font

This entry is part 1 of 1 in the series Lower Test Valley Fonts

Michelmersh font in the church of St Mary’s in Hampshire, is a wonderfully carved Purbeck stone font but what are the gender of the faces staring down?

Hamble Le Rice

Hamble Le Rice

Hamble Le Rice is bursting with history and delightful scenery. The settlement on the River Hamble estuary is ancient and intriguing and perfect for exploration.

St Leonard’s Church Hartley Mauditt

St Leonard’s Church Hartley Mauditt

St Leonards church in Hartley Mauditt Hampshire, sits in splendid isolation, it doesn’t even have it’s manor house for company. The ownership of the manor itself touches on key families in Medieval England.

Odiham and the Vernacular Magna Carta

Odiham and the Vernacular Magna Carta

The vernacular Magna Carta was produced at Odiham Castle in Hampshire within two weeks of the original document being sealed. A writ was attached and the charter then sent out across England.

Elvetham Hall

Elvetham Hall

This entry is part 6 of 6 in the series Hampshire Architecture

Elvetham Hall history is fascinatingly linked to the Seymour family and the Tudor royal family. The original house burnt down in the mid 19th century and a mighty Victorian Gothic mansion stands to replace it.

Kings Somborne Church Carvings

Kings Somborne Church Carvings

Kings Somborne church carvings, it’s the little things that can sometimes have the greatest impact when searching out Hampshire history, as in the church at Kings Somborne.